Acupuncture involves the insertion of fine, sterile, single-use needles at  points on the skin surface.  These points are at specific locations that lie along channels through which energy (Qi) flows.  These invisible channels circulate the Qi throughout the body.   Dotted  along these meridians are more than 400 acupuncture points, classified by the World Health Organisation (WHO).  They are listed by name, number and the meridian to which they belong.  In perfect health Qi flows freely through these meridians, the body is balanced and healthy, but if the energy becomes blocked, stagnated or weakened, it can result in physical, mental or emotional ill health.  An imbalance in a person’s body can result from inappropriate emotional responses, environmental factors, diet, overwork, too much or too little exercise or too much sex.

To restore the balance, the acupuncturist stimulates the points that will counteract that imbalance and stimulate the body’s own healing response.    So if your Qi is too cold, she/he will choose points to warm it, if it is too weak, he/she will strengthen it.  If it is blocked, she/he will unblock it and so on.  In this way, acupuncture can effectively rebalance the energy system and restore health or prevent the development of disease.  The points selected by your practitioner may not necessarily be at the site of the symptoms.  Generally, acute problems may be resolved faster than long-term problems, which may take a few months.

Many studies and research have been directed to understand the mechanism of acupuncture.

Acupuncture has been shown to stimulate the immune system.  It also affects the circulation, blood pressure, rhythm and stroke volume of the heart, secretion of the gastric acid and production of red and white cells.  It also stimulates the release of a variety of hormones that help the body to respond to injury and stress.

Acupuncture is used for a wide variety of conditions from pain  management and injuries, digestive disorders, menstrual  disorders and insomnia.  Acupuncture stimulates the brain and central nervous system to release certain chemicals that circulate in the blood.  Those chemicals help relieve pain, reduce inflammation or facilitate relaxation.